Cancer Risks

A large and well-conducted study on the risk of developing cancer has just been published. In recent years, cancer has become more common among people living with HIV (PLWH) – partly because PLWH are living longer. HIV’s impact on the immune system also contributes to high cancer rates.  The researchers looked at data on 86,620 people living […]

HPV vaccination

Persistent infection with certain strains of HPV (human papillomavirus) can cause ano-genital cancers, and may also be implicated in throat cancer. Vaccines have been developed that provide high-level protection against these strains of HPV and also other types of the virus that cause ano-genital warts. Since 2008, HPV vaccination has been recommended for adolescent girls in […]

Low CD4 count during HIV therapy increases risk of virus-related non-AIDS cancers

A poor CD4 response to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with an increased risk of virus-related non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADC), US investigators report in AIDS. The authors recommend that people living with HIV who have low CD4 counts should be intensively screened for virus-related malignancies. The most frequently-occurring virus-related malignancies are those caused by human papilloma virus […]

HPV Vaccination to Prevent Anal Cancer?

A large number of infections with anal cancer-associated strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) among older gay men could be prevented with the use of HPV vaccines, new research shows. Persistent infection with a high-risk strain of HPV can lead to anal cell changes that can lead to cancer. The rate of anal cancer is especially high […]

HIV and HPV, Cervical Cancer and Anal Cancer

Although still rare, rates of cervical and anal cancer are much higher in people living with HIV compared to the general population. Both these cancers are linked to infection with strains of humanpapillomavirus (HPV). HPV is very common and most people will have it at some point in their lives. For most people, infection with HPV will cause no […]

Increased risk of anal cancer

Thanks to improvements in HIV treatment and care, the outlook for many HIV-positive patients is now for a near normal lifespan. However, HIV-positive patients appear more likely to develop certain malignancies, including anal cancer, compared to their HIV-negative peers. A recent, large US study has found that the rate of anal cancer was significantly higher for […]

HPV Infection in Gay Men

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common infection, which is transmitted sexually. Many sexually active people will be infected with HPV at some point in their lives and most people will have no symptoms. People often clear HPV infection without treatment. Some strains of HPV cause anal and genital warts, and other strains can cause cell […]