As people living with HIV are now doing well on HAART and surviving much longer, so other things appear to be becoming an issue. One of these issues is the suggestion, based on anecdotal and observational data, that PLWH appear to be more at risk of non-AIDS defining cancers than the general population. This study, specifically on lung cancer, shows that being HIV positive is not an increased risk factor – the major factor is smoking – and PLWH are more likely to be smokers than the general population.

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