Some years ago, it was reported that a patient – the Berlin patient – had been cured of HIV. This was done by means of a stem-cell transplant, a process that is expensive, risky and not one that will ever be widely used. Now, researchers report a second patient that has been cured, using conventional HAART. This was in a child infected with HIV who began antiretroviral treatment within days of birth. The child has now been off treatment for over a year, and although HIV DNA has been detected at very low levels in the child’s cells, the virus is not reproducing.

Full details can be found here.

Neither case, though, suggests that a generally applicable cure is anywhere near. Both cases are extreme examples, and although may be of research value, neither treatment can be used as a cure for most people living with HIV. A generally applicable cure is still many years (if not decades) away.