HIV is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The exact reasons for this aren’t clear; it’s thought that a number of factors are important, including traditional CVD risk factors, the inflammation caused by untreated HIV infection, and the side-effects of some anti-HIV drugs. High blood pressure or hypertension is one of those traditional risk factors for CVD, and is commonly found in people with HIV. A new study has found that treatment for high blood pressure was successful in reducing blood pressure in people with HIV, which then reduced the risk that they would experience more serious cardiovascular problems, such as a heart attack or stroke. The researchers suggest that doctors should make sure they treat high blood pressure in people with HIV, bearing in mind that people with HIV seem to be at higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
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