Although still rare, rates of cervical and anal cancer are much higher in people living with HIV compared to the general population. Both these cancers are linked to infection with strains of humanpapillomavirus (HPV). HPV is very common and most people will have it at some point in their lives. For most people, infection with HPV will cause no symptoms or problems and will go away on its own. Persistent infection with high-risk strains of HPV can lead to the development of abnormal cells in the cervix or anus, which have the potential to develop into cancer. A new study has found that successful HIV treatment reduces the risk that infection with high-risk strains of HPV will persist.
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