HIV or AIDS

We have to be clear about the difference between HIV and AIDS, and certainly not use them interchangeably or incorrectly. HIV i-Base describes them as follows: “HIV is a virus that causes damage to the immune system. This usually occurs slowly and over many years. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. AIDS is the medical […]

U=U…More (Confirmatory!) Data

A study of 343 gay couples, where one partner had HIV and the other did not, has not found a single case of HIV transmission in 16,889 acts of condomless anal sex, the 9th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2017) in Paris, France, was told today. The Opposites Attract study looked at […]

Achieving the 90-90-90 target

UNAIDS set the 90-90-90 target in 2014. It calls on countries to achieve the following goals: 90% of people living with HIV diagnosed by 2020. 90% of diagnosed people on ART by 2020. 90% of people on ART with an undetectable viral load by 2020. If all these targets are met, AIDS-related deaths will be […]

International Clinical Trials Day

International Clinical Trials Day is celebrated around the world on or near May 20th each year in order to commemorate the day that a Scottish naval surgeon, James Lind, conducted what is often considered the first randomized clinical trial aboard a ship on May 20th, 1747. In 1747, surgeon mate James Lind administered six different […]

Life Expectancy Near Normal

A large study of 88,504 people with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART), published in the Lancet journal and reported widely in the news, has found substantial improvements in life expectancy in people with HIV who started ART after 2008, even in their first year of therapy. People who started ART in 2008-2010 and who had […]

HCV Transmission in MSM

HCV is primarily a blood borne infection, so sex that includes blood-to-blood has the highest risk. In MSM, this has led to the view that the risk of transmission is high when using sex toys, fisting, “slamming”, chemsex, and “rough sex”. Although HCV has been found in semen, and also in vaginal fluid, until now […]

The search for a cure

A therapeutic vaccine has for the first time given exciting results in humans. Thirteen people took the HIV Conserv vaccine, a drug called romidepsin, and then stopped taking their conventional HIV treatment. While viral load quickly increased in eight people, the other five people have controlled HIV at very low levels for up to 28 weeks. This […]