Diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose in the body is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Diabetes exists in two forms: type 1, which usually occurs earlier in life; and type 2, which usually occurs as a person gets older.

People with HIV have a higher risk of type-2 diabetes than other people. The reasons for this are unclear. New research has found that people who had somewhat higher levels of two biological markers of inflammation were more likely to develop diabetes later on. This supports the belief that inflammation (the immune system’s reaction to HIV) is an underlying factor in the development of diabetes in people living with HIV. Treatment with anti-HIV drugs reduces but cannot completely eliminate HIV-related inflammation. Finding additional ways to further reduce inflammation may help reduce the risk of diabetes and other health problems.

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